Cape Hope Squid
Calamari, Baby calamari, Chokka, inkvis, Kalamari, squid heads, Tjokka, Tjokker
1. What is it?
Cape Hope Squid (Loligo reynaudii) are short lived, migratory species that form spawning aggregations that spawn only once in their life making them more vulnerable to fishing pressure. In recent years fishing pressure has increased and most species are thought to be fully fished (close to the limit before overfishing occurs).
2. How was it caught or farmed?
Cape Hope squid are caught using a method known as jigging. Jigs are either hand held using a handline and a jig (a coloured plastic lure with barbs covering the bottom) or they are series of baited hooks attached to longlines that are dragged at irregular interval creating a jerking movement (bait appears to be moving). Jigging for squid generally takes place at night with bright spotlights that also attract species to the boat. It is a highly selective method with little impact on the environment and bycatch tends to be very small. There is a possibility benthic damage through the use of anchors and chains but this is not anticipated to be significant
3. Where is it from?
Cape Hope Squid are caught along the South Coast of Southern Africa. The fishery is managed in the form of a Total Allowable Effort (TAE) limit, closed season (four weeks to three months) and a number of permit limitations on vessel and crew size. Management is considered to be partly effective.