(Various species)

Calamari, Baby calamari, Chokka, inkvis, Kalamari, squid heads, Tjokka, Tjokker, European Flying Fish, Humboldt Squid, Jumbo flying squid, Humbolt squid, Patagonian Squid

1. What is it?

Squid are short lived, migratory species that form spawning aggregations that spawn only once in their life making them more vulnerable to fishing pressure. In recent years fishing pressure has increased and most species are thought to be fully fished (close to the limit before overfishing occurs).

2. How was it caught or farmed?

Squid are caught using a method known as jigging. Jigs are either hand held using a handline and a jig (a coloured plastic lure with barbs covering the bottom) or they are series of baited hooks attached to longlines that are dragged at irregular interval creating a jerking movement (bait appears to be moving). Jigging for squid generally takes place at night with bright spotlights that also attract species to the boat. It is a highly selective method with little impact on the environment and bycatch tends to be very small. There is a possibility benthic damage through the use of anchors and chains but this is not anticipated to be significant

3. Where is it from?

Squid are found throughout the world’s oceans. They are either caught locally or imported from other locations. Management is generally considered to be poor with no real limits on catch amount, no detailed catch logs or permit regulations. In fact only one species of squid subject to a WWF assessment, the local Cape Hope Squid (Loligo reynaudii), seems to have a management strategy which is relatively effective in the form of a Total Allowable Effort (TAE) limit, closed season (min of four weeks) and a number of permit limitations on vessel and crew size. In addition there are plans to implement an ecosystem-based approach to management in order to ensure sustainable fishing of squid takes place.

Squid species

Cape Hope Squid – Loligo vulgaris reynaudii (SOUTH AFRICA)

Jumbo Flying Squid - Dosidicus gigas (EAST PACIFIC)

Argentine Shortfin Squid - Illes argentines (ARGENTINA)

Flying Squid - Todarodes sagittatus (EUROPE)

Patagonian Squid - Doryteuthis gahi (PATAGONIA)