Pignose grunter, Wit steenbras
1. What is it?
White steenbras ( Lithognathus lithognathus) are endemic, spawning fish highly prized by recreational fishers. They are found in estuaries (juveniles) and surf (sub-adults) and inshore zone (adults). Populations were heavily overfished in the 80’s which lead to a collapse in the fishing industry. White steenbras are listed as Endangered on IUCN’s list for threatened species and are rated as no-sale species within South Africa.
2. How was it caught or farmed?
Only recreational fishers with special permit may catch white steenbras following a daily bag (1) and minimum size limit (60cm). Recreational fishers are not allowed to sell their catches.
3. Where is it from?
White steenbras are endemic to the waters around the Orange River up to KwaZulu-Natal. Due to its no-sale status management, consists of monitoring and permit enforcement on a local scale.