Red Stumpnose

(Chrysoblephus gibbiceps)

Bont Dageraad, Magistraat, Miggel, Miss Lucy, Rooi Stompneus, Rooi witkop, Rooistompneus

1. What is it?

Red stumpnose (Chrysoblephus gibbiceps) are slow growing, long-living, endemic fish making them susceptible to overfishing. They are considered over fished throughout their range and are listed on IUCN’s Red List for Threatened Species as Endangered.

2. How was it caught or farmed?

Inshore Trawl

Red stumpnose are caught as bycatch in the inshore trawl fishery, which targets sole and hake (hake catches are MSC certified). The fishery gear consists of trawl nets that are dragged along the seabed at depths in the area from the coast to the 110 m isobath or to 20 nautical miles from the coast, whichever is the greater distance. Demersal trawling is known to damage the seabed; the extent and impact of this damage remains unknown. Trawling is not a selective fishing method and a number of other species are often caught in the nets (fish, sharks and rays). Substantial effort has been made to reduce seabird deaths through the use of tori lines and research is underway to better manage the principal bycatch stocks through a co-management pilot programme.

Linefishery

Red stumpnose are caught using traditional linefish methods consisting of a rod and reel or handline. The linefishing industry often operates from small ski- and deck. Linefishing is a relatively selective fishing method with few impacts on the marine environment and very little accidental bycatch.

3. Where is it from?

Inshore Trawl

Red stumpnose are caught as bycatch primarily around the Agulhas Bank. Management is considered to be largely effective. Management is mainly directed at the target species hake (MSC certified) and sole in the form of Total Allowable Catch (TAC) and permit limitations. There is a fishery conservation project (FCP) presently underway seeking to test a co-management approach that would bring under management 10 non-target species in the sector. Additional ecological concerns are little information on impacts to sensitive shark, skates and ray populations as well as impacts to the seabed. Efforts are underway to improve the scientific observer coverage at sea for this sector to better understand ecosystem impacts.

Linefishery

Red stumpnose are endemic to the coastal region of Cape Point to East London. Management for the sector is considered partly effective. In South Africa this sector is principally managed through a total allowable effort (TAE) limitation and there are additional restrictions to protect overfished species such as bag (1pp/pd) and minimum size (30 cm) limits for recreational fishers. There is some concern over the impact of the small-scale fishery rights allocation beyond the recommended TAE and the continuously growing recreational sector.