Yellowtail Amberjack

(Seriola quinqueradiata)

Japanese amberjack, Yellowtail, amberjack

1. What is it?

Yellowtail amberjack (Seriola quinqueradiata) are a fast swimming pelagic carnivorous fish that is endemic to Japan and surrounding areas. It spawns along the 200 m contour in the East China Sea.

2. How was it caught or farmed?

Yellowtail amberjack are farmed in sea cages using juveniles caught in the wild. They require a feed input which is not traceable. Studies have shown that waste discard from cages not only affects the water, sediment and benthic communities but also affect the growth of the amberjacks themselves. Red tides and disease outbreaks are a frequent occurrence due to overstocking and overfeeding.

3. Where is it from?

Yellowtail amberjack are farmed along the coast of China and Japan and imported into South Africa. Management is considered to be moderately effective although some concerns remain regarding negative environmental effects. The use of chemicals and antibiotic is still high although government is trying to better regulate this.