Argentine Shortfin Squid

(Illex argentinus)

Argentine Shortfin Squid

1. What is it?

Argentine Shortfin Squid (Illex argentines) are short lived, fast growing species that are highly susceptible to environmental changes. As a result, stocks experience large fluctuations in numbers and biomass. Argentine shortfin squid is considered to be fully fished due to high abundances and catch levels.

2. How was it caught or farmed?

Jigging

Argentine shortfin squid are caught using jigs. The fishery has no impact on Endangered, Threatened or Protected species and bycatch is minimal. Discards are also considered to be low and there is no impact on benthic habitats.

Midwater trawl

Argentine shortfin squid are also caught using midwater trawl nets. Midwater trawling takes place in the pelagic zone between the seabed and surfaces. Midwater trawl nets have no significant impact on Endangered, Threatened and Protected species and bycatch is considered to be low. Midwater trawling for argentine shortfin squid may negatively affect the benthic habitat as they nets are dragged near the seafloor.

3. Where is it from?

Jigging

Argentine shortfin squid are caught in the Southwestern Atlantic (FAO 41), Falklands (Argentina & UK) and imported into South Africa. Management is considered to be partly effective due to concerns surrounding the long term sustainability of the resource and the difficulty in ensuring enforcement and regulation between each countries.

Midwater trawl

Argentine shortfin squid are caught in the Southwestern Atlantic (FAO 41), Falklands (Argentina & UK).Management is considered to be partly effective due to concerns surrounding the long term sustainability of the resource.