Cold Water Prawn

(Pandalus borealis)

Prawn, Northern Prawn

1. What is it?

Cold water prawns (Pandalus borealis) are short-lived species found along the ocean floor. Stock biomass is thought to be above precautionary reference points. However, fishing effort was found to be above sustainable levels in the last few years.

2. How was it caught or farmed?

Cold water prawns are caught using demersal otter trawl. Demersal otter trawls are nets that are dragged along the seafloor at different depths. Although scientific evidence is lacking, the demersal trawl fishery is likely to have an impact on Endangered Threatened and Protected species. Discards and bycatch in the fishery is considered to be moderate due to the use of sorting grids and other bycatch mitigation measures.

3. Where is it from?

Cold water prawns are caught in Norway and imported into South Africa. The Directorate of Fisheries’ launched a strategy to improve the management of the shrimp stocks in the North Sea and Skagerrak (April 2015), but until now the measurements are not implemented respectively cannot be reconstructed. Management is considered to be largely effective due to the reduction in unwanted bycatch through the use of mitigation devices. However, concern remains regarding the implementation of management decisions which has not been followed in recent years.