Whiteleg Shrimp

(Litopenaeus vannamei)

White shrimp, Whiteleg shrimp, white leg shrimp, Indian shrimp, vannamei

1. What is it?

Whiteleg shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) are abundant, bottom-dwelling crustaceans found in sandy, muddy or reefs associated areas. They are commercially important species and are farmed in countries around Asia. A number of these farms obtained “Best Aquaculture Practices” ( BAP) certification. BAP is a certification programme with a 4-tier ranking system and each level (referred to as a star) covers more aspects of the aquaculture supply chain. Whiteleg shrimp have a BAP certification of either 4 - entire supply chain (Orange listed) or 2 - focuses just on the farm and processing factory (Red listed).

2. How was it caught or farmed?

BAP 4

Whiteleg shrimp are farmed in semi-closed ponds, cages and fenced off areas. In the farming of white shrimp, waste discharge is a major concern due to the high level of negative environmental impacts (e.g. habitat degradation, oxygen depletion and eutrophication). Escapements and disease outbreaks are also a frequent occurrence. Feed required for the prawns is traceable and at least 50% of feed comes from sustainable sources.

BAP 2

Whiteleg shrimp are farmed in semi-closed ponds, cages and fenced off areas. In the farming of white shrimp, waste discharge is a major concern due to the high level of negative environmental impacts (e.g. habitat degradation, oxygen depletion and eutrophication). Escapements and disease outbreaks are also a frequent occurrence. Feed required for the prawns is not traceable and majority comes from unsustainable sources.

3. Where is it from?

BAP 4

White shrimp pond farms are located in India and Thailand and the prawns are imported into South Africa. Management is considered to be partly effective due to concerns surrounding management of environmental impacts such as the high levels of waste discharge and disease outbreaks. The Indian species that is BAP 4 STAR is on the orange list.

BAP 2

White shrimp pond farms are located in India and Thailand and the prawns are imported into South Africa. Management is considered to be partly effective due to concerns surrounding management of environmental impacts such as the high levels of waste discharge, disease outbreaks and lack of traceability measures. The Indian species that is BAP 2 STAR is on the red list.