Umbrina, Belman, Belman kabeljou, Belmont
1. What is it?
Baardman (Umbrina robinsoni and Umbrina canariensis) are highly residential fish with limited home ranges. They have a distinct preference for sandy bottoms and reef although they can be found in deep water caves or extremely shallow water. U. robinsoni has a distinct inshore preference whilst U. canariensis tends to prefer deeper water. Both are highly susceptible to overfishing and are currently rated as a no-sale species within South Africa.
2. How was it caught or farmed?
As both species are listed as no-sale (red) it is illegal to sell or buy them anywhere in South Africa. Only recreational fishermen with special permits containing minimum size (>40cm) and daily bag limits (5 pp/pd) may catch them. Recreational fishers are not allowed to sell their catch.
3.Where is it from?
Both species of baardman can be found all along South Africa’s coastline. Due to its no-sale status, management consists of monitoring and permit enforcement on a local scale.