Queen Mackerel

(Scomberomorus plurilineatus)

Natal snoek, Natalse snoek

1. What is it?

Queen Mackerel (Scomberomorus plurilineatus) are relatively large, fast growing, pelagic schooling fish found close to shore. Stocks appear resilient to fishing pressure. Queen mackerel were listed as Least Concern in the 2018 National Biodiversity Assessment.

2. How was it caught or farmed?

Queen Mackerel are caught using traditional rod and reel or handlines. In general, linefishing is a selective fishing method with few impacts on the marine environment. When fishing for resident reef fish species, the linefishery is likely to impact overfished, vulnerable or ETP species. However, when fishing for highly mobile pelagic species the impact is generally lower. Catches of un-managed bycatch species are moderate making up around 12% of the total catch.

3. Where is it from?

Queen Mackerel are caught along the East Coast of South Africa to Mozambique Management for the sector is considered partly effective. In South Africa, this sector is principally managed through a total allowable effort (TAE) limitation. The recreational sector is also subject to a bag limit (10 pp /pd). There is concern over the impact of the continuously growing recreational sector as well as uncertainties surrounding the allocation of small-scale fishing rights. Some steps have been taken to implement an ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF) management including the recent addition of 21 new Marine Protected Areas which are likely to provide additional protection to several linefish species.