Peruvian Scallops

Argopecten purpuratus

Peruvian scallops, Scallop, Peru scallop

1. What is it?

Peru scallops (Argopecten purpuratus) is an edible species of saltwater clam. It is of great economic importance in the local aquaculture sector and exported to international markets.

2. How was it caught or farmed?

Peru scallops are farmed using ropes suspended to the seafloor. As scallops are filter feeders no feed is required and damage to the environment is minor. One concern, however, is that this species is highly susceptible to bacterial infections which could contaminate whole farmed areas.

3. Where is it from?

Peru scallops are farmed in Chile and Peru and imported in South Africa. There are some concerns surrounding the management of the species due to lack of management and technical capacity as well as insufficient control of reproduction in captivity.


Fishing Type: Aquaculture (ropes)

Origin: Imported - FAO 87

Ropes are suspended in the water of sheltered bays and seeded with young mussels or oysters. They grow on the ropes and feed on particles in the water. As they are filter feeders, mussels and oysters actually enhance water quality by reducing the amount of organic matter and nutrients. Damage to the environment is generally limited to the immediate area (waste that settles on the seafloor).