Pink Prawn

Haliporoides triarthrus

Knife shrimp, prawn, prawns

1. What is it?

Pink prawn ( Haliporoides triarthrus) is a short-lived and fast-growing species with a life span of 2 to 3 years. No recent stock assessment information is available but there are indications that the stock is overfished. In addition, fishing pressure is thought to be above sustainable levels putting it at further risk of overfishing.

2. How was it caught or farmed?

Pink prawn are caught in deep water using beam trawls. The fishery operates as a multispecies fishery targeting a number of other crustacean species. Discarding is considered to be high in the fishery with low survival. The fishery is known to have an impact on ETP species (includes turtles and sawfish) with high levels of bycatch. Impact on the benthic environment and substantial ecosystem changes caused by bottom trawling are likely.

3.Where is it from?

Pink prawns are caught along the Mozambique coast (EEZ FAO 51) and imported into South Africa. The fishery is managed under a Total Allowable Catch (TAC) limit and closed seasons. Management is considered as marginally effective. This is due to inadequate strategies to reduce impact on ETP species bycatch and discard.


Fishing Type: Demersal otter trawl

Origin: Mozambique

Trawl nets with special accessories or doors (known as otterboards), designed to keep the nets open, are dragged along the seafloor. Demersal trawling is known to damage the seabed and is non-selective, resulting in the incidental bycatch of a number of species (fishes, sharks, rays and seabirds).